Cervical Cancer Diagnosis
A biopsy is usually done in the doctor's office with local anesthesia. In order to perform a biopsy, your doctor will remove tissue from your cervix, which will be checked for precancerous cells or cancer cells.
In order to perform a punch biopsy, your doctor will use a sharp, hollow device to pinch off small samples of cervical tissue.
In order to perform a LEEP, your doctor will use an electric wire loop to slice off a thin, round piece of cervical tissue.
An endocervical curettage is a procedure in which your doctor will use a curette (a small, spoon-shaped instrument) to scrape a small sample of tissue from the cervical canal. Some doctors may use a thin, soft brush instead of a curette.
A conization is a test that is usually done in the hospital while the patient is under general anesthesia. In order to perform a conization, your doctor will remove a cone-shaped sample of tissue. A conization will allow your doctor to see if abnormal cells are in the tissue beneath the surface of the cervix; a conization can be used to remove a precancerous area.